Do Introverts Have Lower Self Esteem Than Extroverts? |

Do Introverts Have Lower Self Esteem Than Extroverts?


The dynamics of human personality are complex and multifaceted, with introversion and extroversion representing two distinct dimensions.

Introverts live in solitary or low-stimulation environments, while extroverts find energy and fulfillment through social interactions. One commonly debated aspect of these personality traits is the potential impact on self-esteem. So, let’s discover the connection, how it works, and what can be done about it.

Do Introverts Have Lower Self-Esteem Than Extroverts?

Yes, introverts experience lower self-esteem due to societal pressures and introspection; this is due to their personality type and the personality traits embedded in them. On the split side extroverts are more free-spirited, due to which they have greater self-esteem as compared to introverts. 

Many aspects outside personality type contribute to the intricate web that connects introversion and self-esteem. More reserved people may struggle with self-worth in a culture that prizes extroversion. Considering their desire for isolation and reflective nature, introverts may be more likely to be harshly honest with themselves.

The common belief that introverts have lower self-esteem is belied by the fact that many introverts have high self-worth and confidence levels. Both introverts and extroverts have a variety of elements that influence their self-esteem. The environment in which a person is reared has a tremendous impact on their ability to form a positive self-concept.

Success in one’s own endeavors, whether academic or professional, may also help boost one’s sense of self-worth. Having friends and family that embrace and understand you may do wonders for your feeling of worth and confidence.

Do Introverts Have Lower Self Esteem Than Extroverts? |

What Factors Influence an Introvert’s Self-Esteem?

Factors that influence an introvert’s self-esteem include their social interactions, acceptance and understanding from others, personal achievements and accomplishments, and their ability to recharge and find solitude in their preferred environment or surroundings.

Introversion and self-esteem are indirectly correlated; the more introverted an individual is, the lower their self-esteem tends to be. Self-esteem is influenced by various factors that are part of an introverted personality and how they display themselves.

Introverts, who are more inclined towards solitude and introspection, have the opportunity to engage in deep self-reflection. This introspective nature allows them to delve into their thoughts, emotions, and personal experiences, gaining a deeper understanding of themselves.

By taking the time to analyze their strengths, values, and personal growth, introverts can develop a strong sense of self, which positively contributes to their self-esteem.

For example, introverted individuals might spend time journaling and reflecting on their achievements, goals, and values, allowing them to appreciate their unique qualities and build a solid foundation of self-esteem.

Do Introverts Have Lower Self Esteem Than Extroverts? |

However, introverts may also face challenges related to self-esteem, particularly when it comes to social comparison. In social situations, introverts might compare themselves to their extroverted counterparts, who are often seen as more socially adept and outgoing.

This comparison can sometimes lead to feelings of inadequacy or a sense of being “less than” in social settings. For instance, introverted people attending a social gathering might perceive themselves as lacking the effortless social skills and ability to attract attention that extroverts seemingly possess.

This can create self-doubt and negatively impact their self-esteem. On the other hand, introverts tend to value deep and meaningful connections over superficial interactions. They often have a smaller circle of close friends who appreciate and understand their introverted nature.

When introverts receive validation, acceptance, and support from these trusted individuals, it can significantly enhance their self-esteem. For example, an introverted individual might have a tight-knit group of friends who appreciate their thoughtful nature, intellect, and listening skills.

The validation and recognition received from these friends can reinforce a positive self-image and contribute to their overall self-esteem. However, societal norms and misunderstandings about introversion can influence an introvert’s self-esteem.

In a society that often values extroverted traits, introverts may face misconceptions and pressure to conform to extroverted standards. They might be repeatedly told or made to feel that their introverted traits are undesirable or inferior. This can create a sense of inadequacy and negatively impact their self-esteem.

For instance, an introverted student might consistently be encouraged to speak up in class or participate in group activities, despite feeling more comfortable observing and processing information individually. It can take a toll on their self-esteem if they are continually made to feel inadequate or misunderstood.

What Factors Influence Self-Esteem in Extroverts?

Extroverts often derive self-esteem from external sources such as social acceptance, recognition, and praise, which can impact their overall self-worth and confidence. Other factors include positive social interactions, validation from others, and a sense of belonging in social groups.

  • Social acceptance and validation

Extroverts often place a high value on social acceptance and validation from others. It can significantly impact their self-esteem when they receive positive feedback, praise, and recognition from their peers, family, and friends.

For example, an extrovert who loves performing in front of an audience, such as a stand-up comedian, relies on the laughter and applause of the crowd to validate their talent and boost their self-esteem. The positive response reaffirms their belief in their abilities and likeability, reinforcing a positive self-perception.

  • Social connections and relationships

These individuals thrive on social connections and derive a sense of self-worth from their extensive network of relationships. Strong bonds with friends, family, and colleagues give them a sense of belonging and acceptance. These relationships offer opportunities for support, affirmation, and shared experiences, which can bolster their self-esteem.

An extrovert who maintains close friendships and actively engages in social activities with their peers is more likely to experience higher self-esteem due to the positive interactions and sense of connectedness they derive from these relationships.

Research also supports that extroverts with larger social networks tend to have higher self-esteem. A study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology found that individuals with extroverted personalities tend to have larger social networks, which, in turn, positively correlates with their self-esteem.

Do Introverts Have Lower Self Esteem Than Extroverts? |

  • Opportunities for social engagement

Extroverts thrive when they have ample opportunities for social engagement. Being included in social events, clubs, or teams allows them to express their sociability, leadership skills, and interpersonal strengths. Actively participating in group activities provides extroverts a platform to showcase their abilities and gain recognition from others.

Success in these settings reinforces their self-esteem. For example, an extroverted individual who actively contributes to a sports team and receives praise for their performance is likely to experience a boost in their self-esteem.

  • Positive feedback and affirmation

They often seek external validation and thrive on positive feedback. When others acknowledge and affirm their qualities, skills, or achievements, it can significantly impact their self-esteem. Positive feedback acts as a reinforcement of their self-perception and contributes to a sense of competence and self-assurance.

Conversely, negative feedback or criticism may affect their self-esteem negatively. Extroverts tend to have higher self-esteem when receiving positive feedback than negative feedback. From a personal perspective, I recall a time when I organized a charity event and received overwhelmingly positive feedback from attendees.

Their kind words and appreciation for my efforts significantly boosted my self-esteem and reinforced my belief in my ability to make a positive impact.

  • Public speaking and social influence

Public speaking and the ability to influence others can play a significant role in the self-esteem of extroverts. Many extroverted individuals find joy and fulfillment in public speaking, as it allows them to express their ideas, articulate their thoughts, and engage an audience.

The positive response and admiration received from an attentive audience contribute to their self-esteem by reaffirming their confidence, competence, and persuasive abilities. Succeeding in this domain can further strengthen their belief in their social influence and enhance their self-esteem.

Do Introverts Have Lower Self Esteem Than Extroverts? |

How Can Introverts Promote Self-Esteem in Themselves?

Introverts can promote self-esteem by embracing their unique qualities, engaging in self-care activities that recharge them, and seeking supportive social connections that appreciate and value their introverted nature. Building self-awareness is also helpful in nurturing a positive self-perception.

One powerful approach is to engage in self-care activities that recharge your energy. For example, if you find solace in reading a book, taking long walks in nature, or spending quality time alone, prioritize these activities. You can nurture your self-esteem by dedicating time to what truly rejuvenates you.

Another important aspect is seeking supportive social connections. Surrounding yourself with people who appreciate and value your introverted nature can be immensely beneficial. These individuals understand your need for quiet and solitude, and they provide a sense of acceptance and validation.

Building relationships with like-minded individuals can enhance your self-esteem and make you feel comfortable being authentic. Building self-awareness is crucial in nurturing a positive self-perception. Take time to reflect on your strengths and accomplishments. Recognize and celebrate your unique abilities and achievements, whether big or small.

Maybe you’re a great listener, an empathetic friend, or a creative thinker. Acknowledging these qualities will help you appreciate your worth and boost your self-esteem. Challenging negative beliefs and replacing them with positive and realistic perspectives is also important.

Practice conscious self-talk by intentionally replacing negative thoughts with affirming and empowering statements. For instance, when you think, “I’m not good enough,” replace it with, “I have unique qualities that make me valuable.” By questioning negative beliefs and reframing them, you can shift your mindset and cultivate a more positive self-perception.

Do Introverts Have Lower Self Esteem Than Extroverts? |

Setting realistic goals and practicing self-compassion are additional strategies to consider. Break down larger goals into smaller, achievable steps. Celebrate each milestone along the way, and be kind to yourself if you encounter setbacks. Remember, everyone makes mistakes and faces challenges.

Treating yourself with compassion and understanding will strengthen your self-esteem and resilience. Engaging in personal growth activities aligned with your interests and values is another effective way to boost self-esteem. Whether learning a new skill, pursuing a hobby, or engaging in personal development courses, these activities foster growth and self-improvement.

Investing in your personal growth affirms your value and expands your capabilities, further enhancing your self-esteem. Practicing assertiveness is crucial for introverts to express their needs, opinions, and boundaries. When you advocate for yourself, you reinforce a sense of self-worth and build confidence.

Assertiveness doesn’t mean becoming an extrovert; it means communicating your needs respectfully and assertively. Remember, your voice matters, and asserting yourself can increase self-esteem and stronger interpersonal relationships. Embracing solitude and reflection is essential to an introvert’s self-esteem journey.

Allow yourself dedicated time for introspection, self-discovery, and rejuvenation. Whether journaling, meditation or simply taking quiet moments to be present with your thoughts, embracing solitude can help you recharge and connect with your inner self. In these moments, you can gain clarity, find inspiration, and reinforce your sense of self-worth.

If your self-esteem struggles are impacting your daily life significantly, seeking professional support, such as therapy or counseling, can be immensely helpful. A therapist can help you explore and address any underlying issues affecting your self-esteem.

They can provide guidance, tools, and strategies tailored to your specific needs, empowering you to cultivate a healthier self-perception. Remember, promoting self-esteem as an introvert is a journey unique to you.


Many people think introverts have lower self-esteem than extroverts; while that is true, introverts can get to know how the science behind it works and then apply ways to boost their own self-esteem. Self-esteem is a deeply personal and multifaceted aspect of human psychology.

Both introverts and extroverts can experience high or low self-esteem, as it is influenced by various factors such as upbringing, personal experiences, and individual personality traits. Every individual is different. Embracing and appreciating our differences can lead to a more inclusive and harmonious society where self-esteem flourishes in all its diverse forms.

However, if you want to add to your personality by uplifting your self-esteem, use the tips mentioned above, and you will be on the road to maximizing self-esteem in no time! 

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